The synthesis of teaching and research is fundamental to Stanford University. All faculty engage in scholarly research, most often in association with graduate students or advanced undergraduates. Stanford is noted for its openness to interdisciplinary research, not only within the schools and departments, but also in its nine independent laboratories, centers and institutes. Several national research centers are located on the campus, including the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC).
Today, Stanford has 1,671 tenure-line faculty, senior fellows and center fellows at specified policy centers and institutes, and Medical Center line faculty. Fifty-six percent of the faculty have earned tenure. Faculty at Stanford are expected to be among the best teachers and researchers in their fields. There are 314 faculty members appointed to endowed chairs. Twenty-three Stanford faculty have won the Nobel Prize since the university's founding.